Manual for Treatment and Control of Lameness in Cattle Free PDF Download. Lameness is one of the single most important health problems in cattle. In dairy cattle, there are few conditions as common or as costly as those affecting locomotion.
Manual for Treatment and Control of Lameness in Cattle
Cows suffering lameness disorders have reduced milk yield, lower reproductive performance, and decreased longevity. In large herds, seriously affected animals must endure extreme pain and discomfort in the simple process of walking to and from the feed bunk, milking parlor, water trough, etc. Consequently, lameness represents an important animal welfare issue.
In feedlot cattle, lameness reduces feed conversion and weight gain. In cow–calf operations lameness reduces the cow’s ability to forage or graze, thereby decreasing her milk production and body condition, which limits her ability to properly care for her calf or become pregnant. For these and many other reasons, prompt recognition and treatment of lame cows should be a high priority in all cattle operations.
Once lameness has been identiﬁed and treatment initiated, the next step is to try to understand its underlying causes. Even a cursory investigation of herd lameness proves that it is a complex multi factorial problem. It may be related to feeding and nutrition, housing conditions, environmental factors, management practices, or a combination of any or all of these. Narrowing it down to the most signiﬁcant factors or causes in any given situation requires information and an understanding of the relationship of each of these to lameness.
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