Rapid Review of ECG Interpretation in Small Animal Practice. In this concise and practical review, the authors recognize that among the range of cardiac investigations available to veterinarians, the standard electrocardiogram (ECG) is an indispensable, safe and inexpensive test in assessing dogs and cats with heart disease.
Rapid Review of ECG Interpretation in Small Animal Practice
Following discussion of the principles of electrocardiography, the book systematically explores the evaluation of the ECG-including determination of heart rate, measurement of intervals, derivation of the mean electrical axis, and criteria for atrial and ventricular enlargement or hypertrophy. It also examines intraventricular conduct.
Clinicians can choose from many different cardiac diagnostic tests when assessing dogs and cats with heart disease. Many of these modalities, such as thoracic radiography, are widely used and modalities such as echocardiography as well as new cardiac blood and bio marker tests are increasingly available.
Notwithstanding the availability of these and other tests, the standard electrocardiogram (ECG) is an indispensable part of cardiac medicine. It can be obtained easily, rapidly, and inexpensively, and with little to no risk to the patient. Results can be interpreted in real time and its format lends itself to easy electronic transmission should consultation with a remote specialist be desired. The ECG is the gold standard for assessment of cardiac rhythm disturbances, and a sound working knowledge of ECG principles is needed for proper interpretation.
Most veterinarians have some experience in ECG interpretation, but many still feel uncertain about their ability in this respect. ECG textbooks are often lengthy, detailed, and not intended for immediate clinical application. This book is designed with the general practitioner in mind, and presented as a concise and practical overview of the subject. Following a brief consideration of the theoretical basis of the ECG, a systematic approach to interpretation is presented in the introductory chapters. Included are several flow charts that will help users to diagnose arrhythmias with more confidence.
These sections cover determination of heart rate, measurement of intervals, derivation of the mean electrical axis, criteria for atrial and ventricular enlargement or hypertrophy, intraventricular conduction disturbances, and both normal and abnormal cardiac rhythms. The second part of the book contains a comprehensive collection of real cases and ECG tracings in an easy to use format. The cases cover the common arrhythmia’s encountered in small animal medicine, and will help develop the necessary skills to assess the ECG quickly and accurately in both the dog and the cat. We hope that you find this book useful and that it makes interpretation of the ECG an enjoyable and productive endeavor.
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